Medications and Male Fertility

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We live in a day and age in which vitamins, supplements, and various treatments have become popular. These drugs may be prescribed by a doctor, or they may be legal or illegal substances that a person decides to take on his or her own. There are some medications and substances that can affect a man’s fertility, and when discussing fertility issues, men need to have an honest discussion with their healthcare provider about any prescription or non-prescription medications or substances they are using.

For example, if a man is taking testosterone or anabolic steroids, the body will stop manufacturing sperm. Medications that address prostate enlargement and reverse hair loss will cause a decrease in semen and in sperm. Alpha blockers and chemotherapy can also have a negative impact on fertility.

If a man is a heavy drinker, a decrease in testosterone and an increase in estrogen could occur. This condition will lower sperm production. Tobacco use will decrease sperm production and movement, and brings with it a host of other health problems. Marijuana will lower a man’s sex drive and decrease his sperm count, since it inhibits the production of testosterone. Limited, short-term opiate use, such as for pain management following a surgery does not appear to have any negative effects on fertility, but prolonged use, or an addiction to opiates will lower testosterone and the amount and quality of sperm.

If you have questions about your medications and your lifestyle and their effect on your fertility, the staff at the Idaho Fertility Center in Idaho Falls, Idaho will be happy to meet with you. If you would like to schedule an appointment for a consultation, contact us at 208-529-2019 today.