Half of the genetic material to the new offspring is contributed by the male partner via the sperm. There are several tests available to evaluate the male partner and determine if he is contributing to the couples’ infertility struggle. Idaho Fertility Center will start by using the simplest male diagnostic testing and will follow it by more complex testing if abnormalities are discovered.
During this simple test, we will check for the presence and quantity of sperm, as well as evaluate the sperm’s characteristics. It is typically obtained via masturbation after 2 – 5 days of abstinence. The sample has to be kept at room to body temperature and transported to the laboratory within one (1) hour. Results are usually given within a single day.
If a low sperm count is demonstrated by the semen analysis, then hormone blood tests may be ordered to try to determine what is causing the low count. Common hormones that may be ordered are FSH, LH, Prolactin, TSH, and a testosterone level.
Depending on the hormone testing results, we may request additional genetic testing. Certain genetic mutations (like Y-microdeletions) or chromosomal abnormalities (such as Klinefelter’s syndrome, 47XXY) can cause a low sperm count. These genetic tests are performed through blood samples.
Infectious Disease Panel
Infectious disease screening is required of both male and female partners, in which body fluids may be transferred through the laboratory. You may be screened for HIV, Hepatitis B and C, syphilis, human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV).
For more information on our male diagnostic testing in Idaho Falls, Idaho, or to schedule an appointment with one of our fertility specialists, please contact our office at 208-529-2019 today!